What Foods Contain Taurine?


It’s a great idea to start puppies on it to promote a lifetime of healthy heart support. You can add a can of sardines or clams to their evening meal once a week. Both would boost your pup’s intake of taurine, which helps strengthen the heart muscle as well as cardiac function. You could always do both as well Royal CBD CBD Gummies because there is no such thing as too much taurine. But a mix of the right foods and complementary supplements can help decrease your risk factors. Each member of our research team is required to have no conflicts of interest, including with supplement manufacturers, food companies, and industry funders.


It was found that the caffeine in Red Bull increased the blood pressure. This showed that there were some other ingredients in Red Bull that caused this hemodynamic effect. Energy drinks have caught the attention of scientists and nutritionists since energy drinks are high in caffeine and sugar content. The combination of taurine and caffeine showed that sleep-deprived surgeons were able to restore their performance and became more alert in a simulated laparoscopy.

It’s hard to untangle the brain damage and the different things the bodybuilder was taking. Nonetheless, exercise caution if you’re mixing taurine with bodybuilding supplements, and be extra careful if you’re mixing taurine with illegal or unregulated supplements. The advice in this article is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP or healthcare professional before trying any supplements, treatments or remedies.

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While you can get taurine in many of your foods, you’ll also find it commonly added to energy drinks and other supplements. That’s because it can provide your body with a number of benefits such as boosting athletic performance, and may be able to enhance the effects of other supplementary ingredients. Taurine is found almost exclusively in animal-based sources of protein (meat, fish, etc.) so cats eating vegetarian or vegan diets are at highest risk.

Some people take taurine supplements as medicine to treat congestive heart failure , high blood pressure, liver disease , high cholesterol , and cystic fibrosis. CSD levels are very low in cats, as well as humans and other primates, but the ingestion of meat and seafood—or taurine supplements—helps to maintain normal tissue concentrations of taurine. As Sinwell and Gorodischer have shown, there is an increased incidence of pediatric problems in children being raised on the totally vegetarian diets of vegan communities.

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This amino acid actually provides many beneficial effects on the glucose metabolism through its antioxidant activities, anti-inflammatory effects, osmoregulatory actions and effects on glucose homeostasis. Other studies have shown that taurine supplementation improves endurance and performance in both aerobic and anaerobic system sports. One of the main reasons for this is taurine’s ability to support the contractile properties of fast-twitch muscles, therefore helping them to produce peak force. In some dogs, lifetime taurine supplementation may be required to prevent recurrent taurine deficiency. For other dogs, a diet change may be needed in addition to taurine supplementation, and if symptoms resolve, supplementation may be discontinued. Taurine facilitates the production of the neurotransmitter GABA, therefore helping the management of anxiety and stress, preventing cortisol and adrenaline spikes.

Taurine is found naturally in fish, meat, breast milk and is often used in some of the best energy drinks and infant formula. The taurine in these is meant to provide an energy kick, but these drinks tend to cause more harm than good, especially in the long-term. This is true for the ones that use sugar and the ones that rely on artificial sweeteners instead. Obesity is a causal factor in heart disease and a major impediment to having a healthy erection.

It’s pretty easy to pick up an already cooked rotisserie chicken from the local store and have a fast and healthy dinner that’s good to go. It’s also important to avoid burning your red meat, whenever possible, as this can create harmful compounds that may increase cancer risk. What are the best vegan gummies for sale? Those meats might be nutritionally powerful, but you can still get taurine elsewhere. If you don’t like the idea of eating an animal’s heart, another type of organ might seem less extreme. Liver is a popular place to begin, partly because liver is very nutrient dense.

The body uses essential and nonessential amino acids to build proteins in the body. A non-essential amino acid means the body can make these amino acids, but essential amino acids have to come from the diet. For the average person, a taurine intake of between 500 and 2000 milligrams per day is considered normal and beneficial. Though these are the recommended intake levels, there is evidence that consuming well over 3000 milligrams of taurine per day can provide health benefits without risking consequences or toxicity. Unless you are intentionally supplementing with taurine, there should be no concerns related to taurine toxicity.

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Studies indicate that taurine may help with the regeneration of brain cells, which could be beneficial for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions like Parkinson’s disease. However, contrary to popular belief, there’s no association between taurine and bull sperm. In fact, it’s found in a variety of natural sources, both in the body and throughout the food supply. Some researchers call taurine a “wonder molecule” because few supplements provide as many potential health and performance benefits.

However, these sources can vary in their taurine content, and adding more taurine is a sound approach to ensure optimal taurine levels. Taurine is not usually termed ‘essential’ because dogs can make it within their bodies from other nutritional components. Most dogs on a normal, healthy diet make all the taurine they need, but occasionally giant breed dogs and American Cocker Spaniels have a genetic defect that prevents them from making taurine themselves. Alternatively, another genetic disease called cystinuria can interfere with the proper amino acid absorption, and cause kidney and bladder stones.

Despite its proven benefits, taurine has been banned in some countries. Cortisol, the stress hormone, has a negative impact on circulating testosterone. To put it simply, the more stressed you are, the higher your cortisol levels and the less testosterone you’ll produce. It not only rids your body of toxins but may also have beneficial effects on lipid metabolism. Meat, dairy, fish, nuts, and some legumes contain taurine too — plus a hefty dose of lean protein.

Junyent F, Utrera J, Romero R, Pallàs M, Camins A, Duque D, Auladell C. Prevention of epilepsy by taurine treatments in mice experimental model. Jia N, Sun Q, Su Q, Dang S, Chen G. Taurine promotes cognitive function in prenatally stressed juvenile rats via activating the Akt-CREB-PGC1α pathway. Endesfelder S, Weichelt U, Strauss E, Schlor A, Sifringer M, Scheuer T, Buhrer C, Schmitz T. Neuroprotection by caffeine in hyperoxia-induced neonatal brain injury. Endesfelder S, Zaak I, Weichelt U, Buhrer C, Schmitz T. Caffeine protects neuronal cells against injury caused by hyperoxia in the immature brain. Ananchaipatana-Auitragoon P, Ananchaipatana-Auitragoon Y, Siripornpanich V, Kotchabhakdi N. Protective role of taurine in developing offspring affected by maternal alcohol consumption.

However, you’ll have to make up the difference with what you eat. If you’re a vegan or vegetarian, taurine deficiency is quite likely. Taurine seems to wake up brain stem cells that have been inactive, according to research.

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If left unchecked, it can even cause some circuits to shut down completely and result in a full physical breakdown. To avoid this, it is important to take steps to support your health and address underlying issues with specific circuits. AFS causes widespread imbalances in the body and troubling symptoms that often involve multiple organs and functions in the body. Some of the most common symptoms include brain fog, digestive problems, and cardiac symptoms such as palpitations or blood pressure instabilities. But it is interesting to note that taurine levels in humans with type 2 diabetes are lower on average than those without diabetes. Meanwhile, one study showed taurine reduced blood pressure by 6mmHg on average in those who had borderline hypertension.

Taurine supports proliferation of neural progenitor cells and synapse formation in brain regions required for long-term memory (Shivaraj et al., 2012). Taurine stimulates action potentials in GABAergic neurons and specifically targets the GABAA receptor (Jia et al., 2008). It can also count-balance the excitotoxic effects of glutamate (Oja et al., 2013). There were no significant differences in the levels of dopamine metabolites, DOPAC and homovanillic acid, however. Taurine is also found in the inner ear, where it can increase survival of both glia and spinal ganglion neurons (Rak et al., 2014).

Yet taurine has a bad reputation because it’s a popular ingredient in unhealthy energy drinks. This essential amino acid can restore insulin sensitivity, mitigating diabetic complications, reverse symptoms of heart disease, prevent and treat fatty liver, and reverse tinnitus. Adult bodies make their own taurine from a nonessential amino acid called cysteine. High-protein foods have enough cysteine for the human body, so most people don’t need supplements.

This amino acid is found in animal-source proteins, although certain proteins contain more taurine than others. Taurine has many fundamental biological roles, and is essential for cardiovascular function and the development of skeletal muscle, the retina, and the central nervous system. It’s a naturally-occurring substance and is found in fish, meat, dairy products, and mother’s milk.

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Taurine is such an interesting compound that we often see slapped on the bottle of popular energy drink labels without really understanding why it’s even on there. This is especially helpful for women with AFS, particularly if they’re taking hormone replacements, birth control pills, or suffer from excessive estrogen. In these situations, the female hormone estradiol can depress the creation of taurine in the liver, so supplementing is often an effective remedy.

This means that supplementing with this amino acid can help your lower the level of anxiety and lose weight more successfully at the same time. Some leading researches suggest that higher taurine levels correlate with improved mental functioning, including mental performance and mood, while others focus on its positive effect on athletic performance. For example, a study published by Japanese researchers in 2003 found that taking taurine supplements before working out for one week resulted in significant increases in VO2 max in adult male subjects. Athletes – Taurine supplements are known to enhance athletic performance by enhancing physical and mental abilities. Physically, taurine has been shown to improve oxygen transport and use in the body, which can improve endurance exercise duration.

What Health Issues Are Caused By Taurine Deficiency?

Since this compound is found both in foods and in the human body in relatively large amounts, it is considered unlikely to have any adverse effects. Evidence suggests that doses of up to 0.1oz per day are safe for healthy adults. It is not clear, however, what the safe dosage would be for children, pregnant women or people suffering from certain medical conditions. In one study, postnatal day 4 rats received phenobarbital (50 mg/kg) for 3 days with or without 10 mg/kg caffeine (Endesfelder et al., 2017a). The phenobarbital-induced adverse outcomes were partly antagonized by the caffeine. This neuroprotection may also been seen in later behavioral testing (Kumral et al., 2010).

For many, many years, our dry dog foods have included taurine at guaranteed minimum levels. That’s because we don’t believe that formulating to just be “good” is good enough. In conclusion, Taurine is great for anybody looking for a nice health supplement with some energizing and relaxing properties. Taurine is vital for many important functions in your body and it helps to maintain good health. Taking a Taurine dietary supplement is both healthy and safe for people of all ages. Taurine supplements are laboratory made and are suitable for vegans and vegetarians.

May lead to caffeine overdose and possible toxicity As one small 8.4-ounce (260-ml) can of Red Bull provides 75 mg of caffeine, drinking more than 5 cans per day could increase your risk of caffeine overdose . As a result, it’s hard to determine the exact amount of Red Bull that could lead to caffeine overdose. I’ve been fascinated by powder energy drinks since 2006 and launched my own energy drink brand in 2014. On this website, I share information about energy drinks so that you can be more informed about all of the different brands.

However, vegetarian and vegan foods tend to be deficient in taurine. For top quality meat sources make sure to check human grade cat food products. A study published by Japanese researchers in 2003 examined 11 men aged 18 to 20, who were told to perform bicycle exercises until they were exhausted.

Study Deep Dives

But unlike the majority of other amino acids, taurine is an essential amino acid used for purposes other than protein production. Other studies suggest that taurine combined with caffeine improves mental performance. However, further research is needed and this finding remains controversial, as does the use of taurine in energy drinks. Keep in mind that there might be high amounts of other ingredients in energy drinks, such as herbal stimulants, caffeine or sugar.

Conte-Camerino D, DeLuca A, Mambrini M, Ferrannini E, Franconi F, Giotta A, Bryant SH. The effects of taurine on pharmacologically induced myotonia. Chen W, Guo J, Zhang Y, Zhang J. The beneficial effects of taurine in preventing metabolic syndrome. Alleyne T, Mohan N, Joseph J, Adogwa A. Unraveling the role of metal ions and low catalytic activity of cytochrome C oxidase in Alzheimer’s disease. Several clinical trials examining the effect of chronic taurine therapy on the severity of myotonia have been evaluated. A very recent study conducted in Taiwan revealed that high-dose taurine calmed hyperactive behavior and brain signaling in ADHD rats.

The value of taurine for neuroprotection extends to aged mice and these benefits are observable with behavioral testing. FVB/NJ mice were tested in a passive avoidance test using 2- and 16-month old animals. There was no difference between controls and those receiving supplemental taurine in drinking water ; however, aged animals on taurine showed significantly better performance and retention . The differences could be attributed to restoring normal levels of taurine in the brain, which decline significantly over the lifespan (Sturman et al., 1988; Banay-Schwartz et al., 1989). Suge et al. evaluated differences in C57BL/6 male mice treated with 0.12% taurine in drinking water before and after weaning and in mice treated chronically from birth to 24 weeks of age. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins and help our bodies to grow, repair body tissue, maintain immunity and produce hormones that maintain body functions.

Taurine is likely safe when consumed in dosages up to 3 grams per day. In fact, it’s often used in baby formulas, which confirms its safety for all ages. Old School Labs’ Classic BCAA Powder, one of our latest products, provides just the right doses of valine, leucine, and isoleucine plus probiotics for gut health. However, it may improve your performance in the gym and lead to better health. The recommended daily dosage of taurine seems to vary depending on the source. It can range from 500 to 3,000 milligrams dependent on any existing health conditions.

Abebe W, Mozaffari MS. Effects of chronic taurine treatment on reactivity of the rat aorta. Dysfunction of myocardial and vascular taurine transport in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Taurine alters respiratory gas exchange and nutrient metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats. Kamata K, Sugiura M, Kojima S, Kasuya Y. Restoration of endothelium-dependent relaxation in both hypercholesterolemia and diabetes by chronic taurine. Tao L, Wang HX, Rao MR. Effect of angiotensin and taurine on arrhythmia in cultured neonatal rat hypertrophic heart myocytes. Zhang X, Tenner TE, Jr, Lombardini JB. Inhibition of rat vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by taurine and taurine analogues.

There is some concern, however, that this well-publicized finding may act as a disincentive for heavy drinkers to cut down their alcohol intake. There seems to be a popular belief that taurine-rich energy drinks may be the perfect “morning after” treatment after a night of heavy drinking. It appears that 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid may act as an antioxidant, helping to prevent damage to cells and tissue caused by oxidation. For example, biochemical processes in the body produce hypochlorous acid as a by-product. This chemical is a powerful oxidant that has the potential to injure cells. Taurine combines with it to produce a much less toxic compound, taurine chloramine, suggesting that one of its roles may be to remove this toxic chemical.

Moreover, it also ensures our liver performance to remove dangerous substances in our body. Harada H, Isujino T, Watari Y, Nonaka H, Emoto N, Yokoyama M. Oral taurine supplementation prevents fructose-induced hypertension in rats. As a result, more ROS is produced, which triggers further mitochondrial DNA damage, ultimately leading to a vicious cycle of damage. First, taurine’s amino group is attached to a beta-carbon instead of an alpha-carbon. And second, the acid group in taurine is sulfonic acid, instead of carboxylic acid like in other amino acids.

Huntington’s disease is another neurodegenerative disorder that can benefit from taurine. A marker of the disease is the death of brain cells, which leads to a continuous loss of motor skills. While it’s no cure, maintaining a diet rich in taurine will provide supplemental support to the nervous system.

Leon R, Wu H, Jin Y, Wei J, Buddhala C, Prentice H, Wu J-Y. Protective function of taurine in glutamate- induced apoptosis in cultured neurons. Foos TM, Wu JY. The role of taurine in the central nervous system and the modulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Sivakami S, Ganapathy V, Leibach FH, Miyamoto Y. The γ-aminobutyric acid transporter and its interaction with taurine in the apical membrane of the bovine retinal pigment epithelium. Lambert IH. Regulation of the cellular content of the organic osmolyte taurine in mammalian cells. Taurine prevents high glucose-induced human vascular endothelial cell apoptosis.

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It’s this great combo of caffeine and L-theanine that makes our Proper Wild energy shots such a powerful cognitive booster. To illustrate this issue, here are two other taurine studies with equally low samples sizes but very different results. Metabolites cycle constantly through the body until they’re excreted. This means that if the detoxification processes aren’t working correctly, they can easily cause the detoxification circuit to become toxic. Inhibits and modulates neurotransmitters in the brain and helps to stabilize the cell membranes.

It’s always best to speak with your doctor before starting out with a new supplement. Taurine is manufactured by the body through the synthesis of vitamin C, cysteine, and methionine. In mammals, the synthesis of taurine takes place in the pancreas through a pathway known as the cysteine sulfinic pathway. It can also be manufactured by the body through the transsulfuration pathway. This conditional amino acid crosses the body’s blood-brain barrier, and it assists in membrane stabilization and inhibitory neurotransmission. Within cells, taurine functions as a diuretic, preventing excess sodium from entering the cell and keeping magnesium and potassium inside of the cell.

At this point, the food had a lot of meat, so animals could still get enough taurine. Felo Taurine from Thomas Pet is a water-soluble taurine supplement for cats. This easy-to-digest supplement helps support digestion, cardiovascular health, eye function, and normal vision, as well as maintain a healthy immune system.

With that said, you should speak with your doctor before taking this supplement to prevent any potential side effects or interactions. Consumers are advised that quality of supplements may vary significantly among manufacturers. Your veterinarian may have preferred supplement manufacturers that he or she will recommend.

But with the trend of mixing alcohol with energy drinks, it is has become a huge concern. Research has suggested that during exercise, taurine might be released from the muscles, which sparked interest in taurine as an exercise supplement. Further research revealed that 6 Which delta 8 is best for pain? grams of taurine taken per day for seven days could enhance the capacity of doing exercise through the effects of antioxidants. However, succeeding studies have found that taking 5 grams of taurine a day for seven days had no effect on muscle metabolism during exercise.

The veterinarian should listen to your dog’s heart, and if any abnormalities are discerned, conduct an EKG. This test displays your pet’s heart function with input from electrodes placed on your pet’s chest. To ensure an accurate reading, the areas where the electrodes are to be placed must be shaved. In addition, a chest X-ray may be conducted to visualize further the swelling and/or fluid in the sac around the heart.

Pregnant women should be particularly careful, because it has been reported that maternal taurine supplementation during pregnancy causes insulin resistance and obesity in rat offspring . Besides improving contractile function of rodents, taurine administration was found to increase the time until exhaustion, reduce exercise-induced fatigue and diminish damage from intense exercise. When taurine is administered prior to heavy exercise, the levels of pro-inflammatory factors are reduced and exercising muscle is protected (Kato et al., 2015). The authors suggested that taurine potentiates the beneficial effect of the branched-chain amino acid supplement.

Moderate levels of taurine have no known side effects, so if you’re in good health and you only take recommended amounts, you should be OK. A 2004 study also shows that taurine can protect against a risk factor of heart disease, high body weight. People who follow these diets can speak with their healthcare provider to ensure that they are getting enough taurine. A person with any existing medical conditions should talk to their doctor before taking taurine supplements.

Serious side effects are usually uncommon, but are still possible and should be taken note of. It is important to note that even the best things in life can become bad in immoderate amounts. So, although something may be rated an ‘A+’, overconsumption/overdoing can bring unwanted effects. If evaluating the products yourself seems daunting, ask your veterinarian for recommendations. For whichever product you select, your veterinarian can instruct you on how much to give your cat. Whether you’re looking to boost your performance at the gym or you’re keen to give your most vital organs a little extra support, here’s what you need to know about taurine.

Taurine is a type of amino acid, which are the building blocks of all proteins. It is critical for normal vision, digestion, heart muscle function, to maintain normal pregnancy and fetal development, and to maintain a healthy immune system. Taurine is regarded as a conditional amino acid, which means that it is naturally produced in the body. Taurine is different from essential amino acids because they are usually sourced from outside food rather than produced in the body. ‌Taurine is an essential amino acid that helps with things like your digestive, cardiovascular, skeletal, muscular, and nervous system functions. Most people get their daily requirements of taurine through their diet, but taurine supplements have been used to treat some medical conditions.

Many believe that ginseng boosts the immune system and can improve physical and mental health. It’s also thought to reduce stress and have anti-inflammatory properties Do CBD GUMMIES Eliminate Pain? . In our everyday diet, we find B-vitamins naturally in the food we consume, such as leafy green vegetables, beans, peas, fish, eggs, poultry, and more.

It can be quite difficult to identify taurine deficiency because its symptoms resemble those of many different disorders. One of the most common symptoms is impaired vision, as taurine serves an important role in visual nerve pathways. It is also necessary to properly digest fats, so deficiency leads to weight gain in some cases as well. Taurine deficiency can also cause some psychological symptoms such as depression or anxiety; this is also related to taurine’s role in nervous system pathways. Other possible symptoms include hypertension, hyperthyroidism, and, in particularly extreme and rare cases, kidney problems as severe as kidney failure.

The healthiest approach for most people would be to have some servings of red meat regularly, while also relying on other sources of protein, including chicken and plant-based protein. When it’s found in muscles, the concentration increases based on the amount that the muscle is used. This makes the heart one of the best places to find taurine, as it works harder than any other muscle. For vegans who aren’t producing enough taurine, supplements are the most obvious approach.

A study that appears in the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association explored the safety of taurine in energy drinks. In your brain, spinal cord, eyes, and practically every tissue in your body, taurine (2-aminoethane-sulfonic acid) is one of the most common amino acids. A 1966 study found an indication that taurine (2 g/day) has some function in the maintenance and possibly in the induction of psoriasis. Three later studies failed to support that finding.It may also be necessary to take into consideration that absorption of taurine from beverages may be more rapid than from foods. It has many biological roles, such as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and modulation of calcium signaling.

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